ESL Writing

Commas and Conjunctions ("and")

In this ESL writing worksheet, students are introduced to the proper usage of the conjunction "and" with both dependent and independent clauses.

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Punctuation: Commas and Conjunctions (with "and")

 

When you write “and” in a sentence, you have to be careful: Do you need a comma?

 

Look at these sentences:

· I went to the theater. I watched a movie.

These are both complete sentences, so you can connect them with a comma (,) and “and”:

· I went to the theater, and I watched a movie.

 

But you can also write this a different way:

· I went to the theater and watched a movie.

You do not need a comma in this sentence, because “watched a movie” is not a complete sentence (it doesn’t have the subject “I”).

 

Examples (all of these sentences are correct!):

· John ate a sandwich, and he watched TV.

· John ate a sandwich and watched TV.

· Martha visited her daughter, and she had a good time.

· Martha visited her daughter and had a good time.

 

Write two sentences for each of the situations below. Write one sentence with a comma, and one sentence without a comma. The first one is done for you. (See page 76 for answers.)

 

1. Alex worked in a bank. He met many interesting people.

Alex worked in a bank, and he met many interesting people.________________

Alex worked in a bank and met many interesting people.___________________

 

2. The criminal stole a motorcycle. He had to pay a $1,000 fine.

 

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

 

3. Anna travelled to Spain. She came back with many interesting gifts for us.

 

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

 

4. Mickey lives with his parents. He helps them run their business.

 

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

 

 

5. My cousin loves sports. He hopes to become a gym coach.

 

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

 

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