ESL Writing

Transitions and Connectors

A worksheet comparing "because" and "because of"

In this ESL writing worksheet, students are introduced the correct usage of "because" and "because of".

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Because vs. Because of (Due to / Owing to)

Sentence Pattern:
Because [sentence], [sentence]
Because of [noun/phrase], [sentence]

You write a complete sentence (an “independent clause”) after because, but you only write a noun or a phrase (a “dependent clause”) after because of (or due to/owing to).

 

 

Examples:

· Because it was raining, school was cancelled.

· Because of the rain, school was cancelled.

 

 

· John moved to California because the weather is good there.

· John moved to California because of the good weather.

 

 

· Due to her hard work, Lilian was promoted to Assistant Manager.

· Because she works so hard, Lilian was promoted to Assistant Manager.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rewrite each of the following sentences twice – once with “because”, and once with “because of” (or "due to" / "owing to").

 

 

1. Chris has a bad temper, and that’s why he got in trouble.

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

2. Many people have died this summer. The reason is the hot weather.

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

3. I am greatly interested in engineering; therefore, I want to go to MIT.

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

4. There was a flood yesterday; that’s why this road is closed.

 

_________________________________________________________________

 

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